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Training- 5 Days

5 DAYS TRAINING PROGRAM ON FIBER OPTICS,PDH/SDH & DWDM

(Fiber Optics, Optical Communication & Networking with hands on Experience)

Day – 1


FUNDAMENTALS OF Fiber Optika

  • Introduction & Fundamentals of Telecommunication
  • Introduction to Fiber Optics
  • Why Fiber Optic Communication?
  • Concept of Modes.
  • Types of Fibers-SMF, MMF
  • Different types of Losses:
    • Radiation, Scattering, Macro and Micro bending Loss
  • Concept of Dispersion:
    • Modal, Material, Wave-guide, Dispersion, PMD, Positive & Negative dispersion
  • Types of Single mode fibers ITU-T specs
    • G652 B & D, G653, G654, G655, G657 etc.

  • FIBER OPTIC CABLES :


  • Optical Fiber Cables
    • Outdoor - Duct, Direct buried, Overhead
    • Indoor – Simplex/duplex, breakout, distribution
    • Indoor/outdoor – Micro, blown, drop
    • ADSS, OPGW, Figure 8, Corrugated, Ribbon etc
  • Designs and materials for Cables
  • Cable installation & laying methods and techniques
  • Different Techniques for Joining fibers

 

 

Day – 2


FIBER OPTIC CONNECTORS/SPLICING:

  • FO Connectors
  • Splicing - Mechanical & Fusion.
    • Types – FC, SC, ST, LC, MU, E-2000 etc.
    • Patch cords, Pigtails, Ferrules, Adapters, sleeves
    • Connector termination techniques – Hand, machine, ready to terminate pre-polished
    • PC, SPC, UPC, APC
    • Insertion and return loss, factors affecting them
  • Splicing - Mechanical & Fusion.
  • Elements of Fiber Optic Link
    • Splice Joint Closure – Vertical (Dome), Horizontal
    • Fiber termination Boxes – Rack and wall mounts
    • Fiber Management Systems – Fixed, Push-pull
    • Splitter & passive management boxes and modules
    • Cassettes, patch panels, cable management
    • Accessories for different types of cables

OPTICAL TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETER (OTDR):


  • Test & Measurement of FO networks
    • Loss-dB/dBm, Splice & Link loss
    • Fundamentals of OTDR
    • Fiber events, dead zone, DR, Launch cable
    • Power meter and Light source test
    • VoA, VFL, Fiber Identifier and Inspection scopes
    • Link loss budget
  • Passive FO Components
    • Coupler & Splitter
    • Circulator, Isolator
    • Fiber Gratings, Filters
    • Attenuators – fixed, variable, instruments

Day - 3


MULTIPLEXING-PDH/SDH

  • Multiplexing, PDH and SDH
    • Multiplexing techniques- TDM & FDM
    • Primary & Higher order multiplexing
  • Optical Transmission link
    • MUXs
    • OLTEs
    • SDH & PDH
    • Concept of Hierarchy
  • Understand Optical Transmission
  • Layered Structure
  • PDH
    • Muxes- 34Mbps/ 140Mbps
    • Limitations of PDH
  • Synchronous and Asynchronous systems
  • Requirement of synchronous systems
  • SDH system
  • STM-1, STM-4, STM-16, STM-64
  • Configuration of SDH equipment (TM, ADM & REG)
  • Functions of TM, ADM & REG
  • Pros and Cons of TM over ADM (P2P, Linear, Ring)
  • SDH multiplexing structure (STM-1 frame structure)
  • Function of SDH Overhead bytes
  • Protection Schemes (Unit, Path & Ring)

DEMO & HANDS-ON


  • Demo & Hands-on
    • Splicing Machine
    • OTDR, Power meter, laser source
    • VoA, VFL, Inspection Scopes
  • Demo of different elements of Fiber Optic link.

Day - 4


DENSE WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING(DWDM):


  • Concept of DWDM & its Fundamentals
    • WDM, CWDM, DWDM
  • ITU-T Grid, C&L bands
  • Elements of WDM Link
    • Regenerator, Optical Amplifiers
    • Optical Add-Drop Mux, Optical cross Connect
  • Components for DWDM
    • Transceiver, XFP, SFP, Xenpack
    • Tunable Lasers, Multi Frequency Lasers
    • Transponders, Tunable XFP
  • DWDM Test & Measurement
  • DWDM Network Design
  • Advances in DWDM Networking

DEMO & HANDS-ON


  • Hands-on STM-1 & 4 link
    • On NMS, NES using Ring & Linear Network
    • On SDH Tester
  • Hands-on WDM demo link
    • Using Light Runner demo of WDM
    • Demo of Optical Amplification
    • Demo of WDM tester like Optical Spectrum Analyzer

Day - 5

ACCESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES – FTTX


  • Access network Technologies
    • Basics of PON
    • Active optical Network (AON)
    • Advantages of PON Cost/Service
  • Fiber in the last Mile
    • FTTC/FTTK/FTTB/FTTH
  • Standards & Protocols for Access Network
    • IEEE 803.3ah/ITU-T G.894.2
    • APON, BPON, EPON, GEPON,GPON
    • Comparison and Advantages of each System.
  • PON Services
    • VOIP & TDM based Voice Services
    • Data Services
    • VLANS & Video Services
  • Various Elements of Fiber Access Networks
    • OLT, ONU, ODN
    • Cat 5E/ 6/ 6A cables, RJ 45 and RJ11 connectors
    • RF connectivity for Cable TV

DATANETWORKING:

  • Data Networking
    • Conventional Copper & Coaxial data networks
    • LAN, WAN, MAN
    • Ethernet Standards
  • Data networking using Fiber Optics
    • Why Fiber Optics in Data Networking
    • Cabling standards
    • Gigabit Ethernet
    • OM1, OM2, OM3 & OM4 fibers, OS1 fiber
    • Fiber Channel
  • Active & Passive elements
    • Racks and LIU
    • Switches and Media converters
  • Trends in data networking with FO
  • Conclusion & Discussion